Sri Lanka achieved a 99.9% reduction in the incidence of
malaria from 1999 to 2011; the annual parasite incidence (API) decreased rapidly
from 22.1 in 1999 to less than one since 2004. The number of deaths attributed
to malaria decreased since 1998. There have been no deaths due to indigenous
malaria since 2007.
Since October 2012, no cases of indigenous malaria have been
reported in Sri Lanka. As a result, the country has moved in to the phase of
prevention of re-introduction of malaria.
In the years 2013, 2014 and 2015, 95, 49 and 36 cases of
malaria were reported, all in individuals that had contracted the disease
overseas. Sri Lanka has now completed 3 consecutive years without indigenous
malaria, an achievement seen never before, and is now eligible for WHO
certification as a malaria free country.